Man Made — A Project about Masculinity and Art

Mar 17, 2004 – Apr 4, 2004
Para/Site Art Space
2 Po Yan Street, Sheung Wan

Chung Hau Ching, Kam Man Fai, Pak Sheung Chuen, Steven Pang, Sun Yung Hoi Sun, Travis Kong (Special Contributor)


“In order to investigate the concept of male art, I will re-perform four works originally executed by women artists. When a man replaces a woman within the context of ‘Woman Art,’ do ideas of femininity remain unchanged and unchallenged, or would I as a man, in turn, discover ‘femininity’ within myself during the re-enactments of these ‘female’ performances? On the other hand, in the transient moments of performing, I may find that entrenched ideas in ‘Woman Art’ and ‘Man Art’ still lie in opposition to one another. Then again, perhaps gender bears no relation at all to the art itself?”

– Sun Yung


Since the rise of movements in the 1960s and 70s, feminism has flourished in almost every corner of the world as an academic discipline as well as a socio-political engagement. In the field of art, those who make and write about art have increased awareness about gender politics, particularly in the visual representation of women. In fact, consciousness and sensitivity towards gender issues through workshops, forums, and exhibitions featuring women artists have prevailed over the local arts scene since the 80s. Among all this activity, however, we seem to have forgotten our ‘other-half’, as equal beings also in the pursuit of transformation. Unfortunately, because we rarely hear voices from male artists regarding their own situation and experiences as ‘gendered-subjects’, gender studies are often identified as ‘women studies’; and artistic intervention, confined among the single-sex, is placed under the big rubric of ‘Woman Art’. Perhaps one of the reasons for the indifference of the male artist is due to women monopolizing the debate, which leaves no room for men to enter the discussion?

Nowadays, when we subscribe to the terms and ideas of ‘Women Art’, could we also subscribe to the idea of ‘Male Art’ on equal terms? Now that feminism is fast reaching a dead alley of self-ghettoization, would more investigations and experiments of ‘the other sex’ help to deconstruct or revitalize the once-radical orthodox?

In 1993, a group of artists in Hong Kong organized a multi-media event titled AhMen. Since then, it has been the only event produced about masculinity and its cultural representation. A decade later, with growing concerns about masculinity in cultural studies and new living experiences, have men stayed the same? Or have there been subtle changes that we have not noticed? This exhibition invites artists of different ages and sexuality to re-examine themselves as gendered-subjects and respond to the above queries through their artworks.

The project is initiated by Anthony Leung Po Shan, with a special contribution from Dr. Travis Kong. Guest speakers, Bono Lee and Dr. Laikwan Pang led a discussion around the topic of Masculinity and its visual representations. An anthology is published as documentation of the project.


More materials are available to view on site at Para Site. 

Click here to see a full inventory of all archive materials and contact us at for enquiries, to request an appointment to view materials, and for archival materials donations.


The Archive Project is financially supported by the Project Grant of the Hong Kong Arts Development Council.



artist biographies

Steven Pang first trained as a visual artist but his name is more familiar to theatre audiences with his theatre group, ‘20beans + a box’. He will continue to ramble under the grey shadows of different roles and identities with his installation pieces.


Chun Hau Ching, an early graduate of the Comparative Literature Department of HKU, is now a housewife who occasionally participates in art events. She will dis/continue her gender performance in the ‘Man-made’ project.


Pak Sheung Chuen, is a recent graduate of the Fine Arts Department of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. Despite his ‘feminine’ sensitivity expressed in his drawing, painting, and mixed media works, he has never come across sexual issues in his art.


Kam Man Fai is a video artist with an obsession with Guan Yu (the God of War). His ‘feminine’ time sense occupies his continuous negotiation between the two sexes.


Sun Yung is a young artist who is also a graduate from the Chinese University of Hong Kong majoring in Fine Art. His seemingly self-masochistic performances are indeed a means of self-therapy with Christian overtones. 

Related Event

Mar 21, 2004


Exhibition catalogue (2004/ex_5/box 5/5)