Taiping Tianguo, A History of Possible Encounters

May 12, 2012 – Aug 28, 2012

Ai Weiwei, Frog King Kwok, Tehching Hsieh, Martin Wong


Para Site proudly presents 太平天國/Taiping Tianguo, A History of Possible Encounters: Ai Weiwei, Frog King Kwok, Tehching Hsieh, and Martin Wong in New York. The exhibition is an attempt to think of actual and concrete, as well as tenuous or even possibly non-existing connections between four artists in New York in the heady days of the 1980s and the early 1990s. In recent years, Ai, Kwok, Hsieh, and Wong have come to prominence in different ways. While all of them are “Chinese,” they hail from different places, contexts, and lineages and are situated in wildly divergent art historical narratives and discursive matrices. Ai is from mainland China, Hsieh from Taiwan, Kwok from Hong Kong, and Wong from San Francisco: all arrived in New York in the late 1970s to the early 1980s and lived there until the early 1990s. Ai, Kwok, and Wong returned to their hometowns in the early 1990s, while Hsieh continues to live in New York. Wong died in 1999.

Between these four artists, certain connections are documented or remembered. For instance, Hsieh appears in Ai’s photographs from this time, along with many other future Chinese cultural luminaries; Kwok provided critical assistance for Hsieh for some of the latter’s  legendary One-Year Performances; and Kwok met Wong and Ai—who were well acquainted with each other—at the Kwok Gallery, the space he ran in Soho. For all four artists, the New York in the 1980s and early 1990s represented a time-space, which was filled with freedom and possibilities and incubated their artistic visions and imaginations. The artists’ New York years have been discussed in separate ways, with certain degrees of mythologisation, and this exhibition ventures to propose an alternative narrative to those that disregard these artists’ personal connections in favor of city or nation-specific or formalist histories. It suggests a possibility of thinking about a casual community and network of acquaintances, and also an underground economy that brought them together. In addition, the exhibition, in its structure and presentation, eschews an authoritatively historical stance and instead reveals the propositional and provisional nature of its endeavor. By doing so, it hopes not only to shed a new light on the work of each artist but also to contribute to a critical reading of this period—the first decade of contemporary Chinese art and the prelude to the era of globalised contemporary art.

太平天國/Taiping Tianguo, A History of Possible Encounters includes select works by the artists from this period, along with various documents and archival materials, which map their separate lives and the encounters and connections between them. It also pays attention to the artists’ pre-New York practice, in an effort to demonstrate that while their times in New York were a powerful formative experience for them, their artistic personalities had already been formed in many ways in their original contexts. Additionally, Danh Vo, who has contributed to the research on the work of Martin Wong, participates in the exhibition through a special project.

太平天國/Taiping Tianguo, A History of Possible Encounters is accompanied by a symposium and a film programme, as well as by a series of performances curated by Tang Fu Kuen.

“Taiping Tianguo” (Heavenly Kingdom of Eternal Peace) was the name of the domain in Southern China established by the Taiping Rebellion in the mid-19th century during the late Qing dynasty period. The rebellion represented—both for the Nationalists and the Communists in China—a historic precedent of  heroic revolution against the corrupt and feudal regime subjugated by Western colonial powers. Ostensibly unburdened by the political implications of the historical event, Wong used the name as the inspiration for a painting, and it was in turn used as the title of his posthumous exhibition in San Francisco in 2004. The present exhibition borrows it again as a metaphor for the New York of the 1980s and early 1990s, the time-space which was crucial for the lives and works of the four artists in this exhibition.


太平天國/Taiping Tianguo, A History of Possible Encounters is the first exhibition co-organized by the curatorial initiative A Future Museum for China and Para Site Art Space, Hong Kong.

Related Events

A June 4 Special Screening: Videograms of a Revolution
Jun 4, 2012
Directed by Harun Farocki and Andrei Ujica


fentao, a Marathon Film Screening Programme
Aug 11, 2012


Taiping Tianguo Performance Programme
Aug 26 – Aug 28, 2012
Spring Workshop and Para Site
Performance by Xavier Le Roy, Melati Suryodarmo, and Zan Yamashita; curated by Tang Fu Kuen


Book Launch of Taiping Tianguo: A History of Possible Encounters
Feb 24, 2015
Connecting Space Hong Kong

Exhibition brochure